2021

Drinking alcohol is linked to reduced chances of pregnancy

Study suggests women should avoid alcohol in second half of menstrual cycle A study of the associations between drinking alcohol and the chances of becoming pregnant suggests that women who want to conceive should avoid heavy drinking. In the second half of menstrual cycle even moderate drinking is linked to reduced chances of pregnancy. The […]

Disease of the smallest heart blood vessels is important global health problem

First international study to describe characteristics and prognosis for microvascular angina For the first time, a prospective, international study has shown that chest pain caused by problems with the very small vessels supplying blood to the heart is an important health problem that increases the risk of heart attacks, stroke and death due to cardiovascular […]

COVID-19 infections were high among hospital staff but re-infection rates are very low

A study of healthcare workers shows they were three times more likely to become infected during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to the general population. Around one in five of workers who were infected were asymptomatic and unaware they had COVID-19. The study published in ERJ Open Research [1] also shows that it was not only […]

Ozone in air pollution is linked to fibroid development in Black women

Higher levels of ozone from air pollution are linked to an increased risk of developing fibroids among Black American women according to a large study published in Human Reproduction [1], one of the world’s leading reproductive medicine journals. Fibroids are non-cancerous growths that develop in and around the womb. They are diagnosed in 25-30% of […]

Disrupted sleep is linked to increased risk of death, particularly in women

For the first time, a study has shown a clear link between the frequency and duration of unconscious wakefulness during night-time sleep and an increased risk of dying from diseases of the heart and blood vessels, and death from any cause, particularly in women. The study of 8001 men and women, which is published in […]

Air pollution and physical exercise: when to do more or less

Physical activity is important in preventing heart and blood vessel disease in young people so long as they don’t undertake very strenuous activity on days when air pollution levels are high, according to a nationwide study of nearly 1.5 million people published n the European Heart Journal [1]. Until now, little has been known about […]

Could environmental pollution from industry contribute to cryptorchidism increase?

‘Landmark study’ suggests research should focus more on exposure to major industrial pollutants rather than low-level exposure to chemicals in food, says expert commentator Environmental pollution from industries such as coal mining and metal works may play a role in the increasing numbers of boys born with undescended testicles, according to a study published in […]

Twin Peaks: more twinning in humans than ever before

More human twins are being born than ever before, according to the first comprehensive, global overview published in Human Reproduction [1], one of the world’s leading reproductive medicine journals. Since the 1980s the twinning rate has increased by a third from 9 to 12 per 1000 deliveries, meaning that about 1.6 million twins are born […]

Twin Peaks: more twinning in humans than ever before

More human twins are being born than ever before, according to the first comprehensive, global overview published in Human Reproduction [1], one of the world’s leading reproductive medicine journals. Since the 1980s the twinning rate has increased by a third from 9 to 12 per 1000 deliveries, meaning that about 1.6 million twins are born […]