Most mothers born with heart defects can become pregnant and give birth safely

Expert medical care and counselling are essential Most women who are born with heart defects can safely become pregnant and give birth to healthy babies with few or minor problems if they are supported by expert medical care and counselling, according to research published in the European Heart Journal. [1] In the last few decades, […]

Artificial intelligence could help diagnose lung cancer a year earlier

An artificial intelligence (AI) program can spot signs of lung cancer on CT scans a year before they can be diagnosed with existing methods, according to research presented at the European Respiratory Society International Congress. [1] Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer death with around 1.8 million lives lost around the world […]

Overweight and obesity may affect asthmatic children’s response to inhaled steroids

Asthmatic children are less likely to respond to inhaled steroid medication if they are overweight or obese, and this leads to more frequent asthma attacks, according to research presented at the ‘virtual’ European Respiratory Society International Congress [1]. The international study is the first to use information on genetic variants linked to body mass index […]

Electronic nose can sniff out when a lung transplant is failing

Electronic nose can sniff out when a lung transplant is failing

An electronic “nose” is capable of detecting with 86% accuracy when a lung transplant is beginning to fail, according to research presented at the ‘virtual’ European Respiratory Society International Congress [1]. Ms Nynke Wijbenga, a PhD student and technical physician at Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, told the congress that the finding could […]

Lung function appears to be unaffected after COVID-19 infection in young adults

Children and adolescents also have unimpaired lung function COVID-19 infection does not appear to affect the lung function of young adults, according to new research presented at the ‘virtual’ European Respiratory Society International Congress. [1] In the first study to investigate the impact of COVID-19 infection on lung function, researchers led by Dr Ida Mogensen, […]

Rescue and recovery workers and volunteers who arrived early at the World Trade Center site face higher risk of developing COPD

Twenty years on from the September 11 attacks, rescue and recovery workers and volunteers who attended the World Trade Center site are beginning to develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) often following a previous diagnosis of asthma, according to research presented at the European Respiratory Society International Congress. [1] The study of almost 18,000 workers […]

E-cigarettes containing nicotine cause blood clotting and make small blood vessels less adaptable

E-cigarettes containing nicotine cause blood clotting and make small blood vessels less adaptable

Using e-cigarettes containing nicotine causes an immediate increase in the formation of blood clots and a deterioration in the ability of small blood vessels to expand and dilate, as well as raised heart rate and blood pressure, according to research presented at the European Respiratory Society International Congress. [1] Researchers say these effects are similar […]

Asthma can be caused by office work but finding and tackling the cause can keep employees in work

New research presented at the European Respiratory Society International Congress [1] suggests that the seemingly innocuous environment of an office can cause asthma in some workers. The study found a variety of triggers from printer toner and cleaning products to poor ventilation and mould circulating in air conditioning. It also found that employees with asthma […]

Physical activity during pregnancy is linked to lung function in offspring

Researchers have found further evidence that exercise during pregnancy is good not only for mothers but also for their offspring. In research presented at the ‘virtual’ European Respiratory Society International Congress [1], Dr Hrefna Katrin Gudmundsdottir said that a study of 814 babies had, for the first time, shown a link between lower lung function […]