2021

Twin Peaks: more twinning in humans than ever before

More human twins are being born than ever before, according to the first comprehensive, global overview published in Human Reproduction [1], one of the world’s leading reproductive medicine journals. Since the 1980s the twinning rate has increased by a third from 9 to 12 per 1000 deliveries, meaning that about 1.6 million twins are born […]

Twin Peaks: more twinning in humans than ever before

More human twins are being born than ever before, according to the first comprehensive, global overview published in Human Reproduction [1], one of the world’s leading reproductive medicine journals. Since the 1980s the twinning rate has increased by a third from 9 to 12 per 1000 deliveries, meaning that about 1.6 million twins are born […]

Study suggests wearing a face mask during intense exercise is safe for healthy people

Wearing a protective face mask has only a modest effect on the ability of healthy people to do vigorous exercise, according to a study published in the European Respiratory Journal. Researchers carried out detailed testing on breathing, heart activity and exercise performance in a group of 12 people while they were using an exercise bike […]

Investment needed to bring down pancreatic cancer death rates in Europe

Researchers predict over 1.4 million deaths from top 10 cancers in 2021 in the EU and UK. Accompanying editorial warns of adverse effect of COVID-19 on death rates Researchers have called on European policymakers to make adequate resources available to tackle pancreatic cancer, a disease that is almost invariably fatal and where little progress has […]

Damage to the heart found in more than half of COVID-19 patients discharged from hospital

Around 50% of patients who have been hospitalised with severe COVID-19 and who show raised levels of a protein called troponin have damage to their hearts. The injury was detected by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans at least a month after discharge, according to new findings published in the European Heart Journal [1]. Damage includes […]

Fertility treatment affects children’s growth patterns but not for long

Children born as a result of fertility treatment have different growth patterns to naturally-conceived children but, by the time they reach the age of 17, they are of similar height, weight and body mass index (BMI), according to research published in Human Reproduction [1]. The study of 81,461 children from the Norwegian Mother, Father and […]

People infected with COVID-19 have a higher risk of dying after a cardiac arrest

Women are nine times more likely to die COVID-19 patients who suffer a cardiac arrest either in or out of hospital are far more likely to die than patients who are not infected with the coronavirus. In particular, women have the highest risk of dying: they are nine times more likely to die after suffering […]

Metformin may affect risk of breast cancer in women with type 2 diabetes

A study of 44,541 women has found that there appears to be no association between type 2 diabetes and developing breast cancer overall. This may be because most women in the study with type 2 diabetes were taking metformin, a medication widely used to treat type 2 diabetes, whose actions may help to reduce the […]

Rich European countries have higher atrial fibrillation death rates than least wealthy

Women who develop the condition are more likely to die than men The wealthiest countries in Europe have higher death rates from atrial fibrillation than the least wealthy and these death rates are increasing more rapidly than incidence rates, according to the first analysis of its kind published in the European Heart Journal [1]. The […]

One small alcoholic drink a day is linked to an increased risk of atrial fibrillation

A study of nearly 108,000 people has found that people who regularly drink a modest amount of alcohol are at increased risk of atrial fibrillation, a condition where the heart beats in an abnormal rhythm. The study, published in the European Heart Journal [1], found that, compared to drinking no alcohol at all, just one […]