Category: Genetics

Cough medicine could help doctors identify how breast cancer patients metabolise tamoxifen, enabling them to improve individual treatments

Cough medicine could be used as way of predicting how well individual patients metabolise tamoxifen used in the treatment of their breast cancer, according to new research presented at the 22nd EORTC-NCI-AACR [1] Symposium on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics in Berlin today (Friday). The findings suggest that it could be possible to use cough […]

PARP inhibitor, MK-4827, shows anti-tumour activity in first trial in humans

A new drug that targets proteins responsible for helping cancer cells to repair damage to their DNA has shown promising anti-tumour activity in its first trial in humans. Some patients with a range of solid tumours, many of whom had been treated unsuccessfully for their cancer with other therapies, have seen their tumours shrink or […]

Researchers map the way to personalised treatment for ovarian cancer

Researchers have shown that point mutations – mis-spellings in a single letter of genetic code – that drive the onset and growth of cancer cells can be detected successfully in advanced ovarian cancer using a technique called OncoMap. The finding opens the way for personalised medicine in which every patient could have their tumour screened, […]

Personalised medicine: tumour analysis reveals new opportunities for existing cancer drugs

Targeted cancer therapies such as trastuzumab (Herceptin), gefitinib (Iressa) and erlotinib (Tarceva) could be used to treat a wider range of cancers than previously thought, according to new research presented today (Wednesday) at the 22nd EORTC-NCI-AACR [1] Symposium on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics in Berlin. Scientists in the USA have studied 20 genes that […]

Should the results of individual genetic studies be disclosed to participants? Study queries the right to information in every case

Gothenburg, Sweden: Individual results of genetic research studies should not be disclosed to participants without careful consideration, a scientist will tell the annual conference of the European Society of Human Genetics today (Monday). Dr. Robin Hayeems, from the Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation at the University of Toronto, Canada, will say that she […]

Small genetic variant can predict response to hepatitis C treatment; may spare side effects to those in whom treatment would be ineffective

Gothenburg, Sweden: A small genetic change can predict how people infected with hepatitis C react to treatment, paving the way to personalised therapy for this difficult to treat disease, the annual conference of the European Society of Human Genetics will hear today (Sunday 13 June). Dr. Zoltan Kutalik, from the Department of Medical Genetics, University […]

Understanding genetic mixing through migration: a tool for clinicians as well as genealogists

Gothenburg, Sweden: Understanding the genetic ancestry of mixed populations, such as those found in North America, can not only help to detect their origins but also to understand the genetic basis of complex diseases, a scientist will tell the annual conference of the European Society of Human Genetics today (Saturday June 11). It is the […]

New gene makes the difference: genetic modifier in Usher Syndrome explains variability in symptoms and will lead to better diagnosis

Gothenburg, Sweden: Usher syndrome (USH), an inherited condition involving both hearing and vision loss, is not a simply recessively inherited disease, a scientist will tell the annual conference of the European Society of Human Genetics today (Saturday). Dr. Hanno Bolz, Associate Medical Director of the Bioscientia Centre for Human Genetics, Ingelheim, Germany, and active in […]

Sense of smell holds the key to diagnosis and treatment in early-stage Parkinson’s disease

Gothenburg, Sweden: A fast, simple and non invasive test of the ability to smell may be an important tool to screen people who are likely to develop Parkinson’s disease (PD), in which motor symptoms only become evident at a later stage of the disease, a German scientist will tell the annual conference of the European […]